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【幹貨】熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照(趕緊收藏)

時間:2019-05-06 17:38:03 來源:ag百家乐网址機電

目前我國的金屬熱處理行業處於發展階段,為了更好的提高金屬熱處理設備技術工藝,不斷的學習新技術、新工藝,但是國外先進的熱處理行業技術工藝ag百家乐网址不一定看的懂。為了促進國內熱處理行業的發展,ag百家乐网址機電廠為您整理的熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照,希望能夠幫到您。
 
奧氏體austenite
 
奧氏體本質晶粒度austenite inhorent grain size
 
奧氏體化austenitization, austenitii zing
 
B
 
白口鑄鐵white cast iron
 
白銅white brass, copper-nickel alloy
 
板條馬氏體lath martensite
 
棒材bar
 
包晶反應peritectic reaction
 
薄板thin sheet
 
薄膜技術thin film technique
 
貝氏體bainite
 
本質晶粒度inherent grain size
 
比強度strength-to-weight ratic
 
變質處理inoculation, modification
 
變質劑modifying agent,modificator
 
表麵處理surface treatment
 
表麵粗糙度surface roughness
 
表麵淬火surface quenching
 
表麵腐蝕surface corrosion
 
表麵硬化surface hardening
 
玻璃glass
 
玻璃態vitreous state, glass state
 
玻璃鋼glass fiber reinforced plastics
 
玻璃纖維glass fiber
 
不可熱處理的non-heat-treatable
 
不鏽鋼stainless steel
 
布氏硬度Brinell hardness
 
C
 
材料強度strength ofmaterial
 
殘餘奧氏體residual austenite
 
殘餘變形residual deformation
 
殘餘應力residual stress
 
層狀珠光體lamellar pearlite
 
超導金屬superconducting metal
 
成核nucleate, nucleation
 
成形forming, shaping
 
成長growth, growing
 
磁材料magnetic materials
 
衝擊韌性impact toughness
 
純鐵pure iron
 
粗晶粒coarse grain
 
脆性brittleness
 
脆性斷裂brittle fracture
 
淬火quenching, quench
 
淬透性hardenability
 
淬硬性hardenability
 
D
 
帶材baud, strip
 
單晶single crystal, unit crystal
 
單體monomer, element
 
氮化層nitration case
 
氮化物nitride
 
刀具cutting tool
 
導磁性magnetic conductivity
 
導電性electric conductivity
 
導熱性heat conductivity, thermal conductivity
 
導體conductor
 
等離子堆焊plasma surfacing
 
等離子弧噴塗plasma spraying
 
等離子增強化學氣相沉積Plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD)
 
等溫轉變曲線isothermal transformation curve
 
低合金鋼low alloy steel
 
低碳鋼low carbon steel
 
低碳馬氏體low carbon?martensite
 
低溫回火low tempering
 
點陣常數grating constant, lattice constant
 
電鍍electroplating, galvanize
 
電弧噴塗electric arc spraying
 
電子顯微鏡electron microscope
 
定向結晶directional solidification S
 
端淬試驗end quenching test
 
斷口分析fracture analysis
 
斷裂強度breaking strength, fracture strength
 
斷裂韌性fracture toughness
 
斷麵收縮率contraction of cross sectional area,
 
鍛造forge, forging, smithing
 
多晶體polycrystal
 
E
 
二次硬化secondaryhardening
 
二元合金binary alloy, two-component alloy
 
F
 
防鏽的rust-proot, rust resistant
 
非金屬non-metal, nonmetal
 
非晶態amorphous stats
 
分子鍵molecular bond
 
分子結構molecular structure
 
分子量molecular weight
 
酚醛樹脂bakelite, phenolic resin
 
粉末治金powder metallurgy
 
粉末複合材料particulate composite
 
腐蝕corrosion, corrode, etch, etching
 
腐蝕劑corrodent, corrosive, etchant
 
複合材料composite material
 
G
 
感應淬火inductionquenching
 
剛度rigidity, stiffness
 
鋼steel
 
鋼板steel plate
 
鋼棒steel bar
 
鋼錠steel ingot
 
鋼管steel tube, steel pipe
 
鋼絲steel wire
 
鋼球steel ball
 
杠杆定理lever rule, lever principle
 
高分子聚合物high polymer, superpolymer
 
高合金鋼high alloy steel
 
高錳鋼high manganess steel
 
高頻淬火high frequency quenching
 
高速鋼high speed steel ,quick-cutting steel
 
高碳鋼high-carbon steel
 
高碳馬氏體high carbon martensite
 
高彈態elastomer
 
高溫回火high tempering
 
各向同性isotropy
 
各向異性anisotropy, anisotropism
 
工程材料engineering material
 
工具鋼tool steel
 
工業純鐵industrial pure iron
 
工藝technology
 
共價鍵covalent bond
 
共晶體eutectic
 
共晶反應eutectic reaction
 
共析體eutectoid
 
共析鋼eatectoid steel
 
功能材料functional materials
 
固溶處理solid solution treatment
 
固溶強化solution strengthening
 
固溶體solid solution
 
固相solid phase
 
光亮熱處理bright heat treatment
 
滾珠軸承鋼ball bearing steel
 
過飽和固溶體supersaturated solid solution
 
過共晶合金hypereutectic alloy
 
過共析鋼hypereutectoid steel
 
過冷over-cooling, supercooling
 
過冷奧氏體supercooled austenite
 
過冷度degree of supercooling
 
過熱overheat, superheat
 
H
 
焊接welding, weld
 
航空材料aerial material
 
合成纖維synthetic fiber
 
合金鋼alloy steel
 
合金化alloying
 
合金結構鋼structural alloy steel
 
黑色金屬ferrous metal
 
紅硬性red hardness
 
滑移slip, glide
 
滑移方向glide direction, slip direction
 
滑移麵glide plane, slip plane
 
滑移係slip system
 
化合物compound
 
化學氣相沉積chemical vapour eposition (CVD)
 
化學熱處理chemical heat treatment
 
J
 
基體matrix
 
機械混合物mechanical mixture
 
機械性能mechanical property
 
激光熱處理heat treatment with a laser beam
 
激光laser
 
激光熔凝laser melting and consolidation
 
激光表麵硬化surface hardening by laser beam
 
加工硬化work hardening
 
加熱heating
 
膠粘劑adhesive
 
結構材料structural material
 
結晶crystallize, crystallization
 
結晶度crystallinity
 
金屬材料metal material
 
金屬化合物metallic compound
 
金屬鍵metallic bond
 
金屬組織metal structure
 
金屬結構metallic framework
 
金屬塑料複合材料plastimets
 
金屬塑性加工metal plastic?working
 
金屬陶瓷metal ceramic
 
金相顯微鏡metallographic microscope, metalloscope
 
金相照片metallograph
 
晶胞cell
 
晶格crystal lattice
 
晶格常數lattice constant
 
晶格空位lattice vacancy
 
晶粒crystal grain
 
晶粒度grain size
 
晶粒細化grain refining
 
晶體結構crystal structure
 
聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethy lene (PTFE)
 
聚合度degree of polymerization
 
聚合反應polymerization
 
絕熱材料heat-insulating material
 
絕緣材料insulating material
 
K
 
抗拉強度tensile strength
 
抗壓強度compression strength
 
顆粒複合材料particle composite
 
擴散diffusion, diffuse
 
L
 
老化aging
 
萊氏體ledeburite
 
冷變形cold deformation
 
冷加工cold work, cold working
 
冷卻cool, cooling
 
冷作硬化cold hardening
 
離子ion
 
粒狀珠光體granular pearlite
 
連續轉變曲線continuous cooling transformation(CCT) curve
 
孿晶twin crystal
 
孿生twinning, twin
 
螺旋位錯helical dislocations
 
洛氏硬度Rockwell hardness
 
M
 
馬氏體martensite (M)
 
密排六方晶格close-packed xagonal lattice (C.P.H.)
 
麵心立方晶格face-centred cubic lattice (F.C.C.)
 
摩擦friction
 
磨損wear, abrade, abrasion
 
模具鋼die steel
 
Mf 點martensite finishing point
 
Ms點martensite starting point
 
N
 
納米材料nanostructuredmaterials
 
耐磨鋼wear-resisting steel
 
耐磨性wearability, wear resistance
 
耐熱鋼heat resistant steel , high temperature steel
 
內耗internal friction
 
內應力internal stress
 
尼龍nylon
 
粘彈性viscoelasticity
 
凝固solidify, solidification
 
扭轉強度torsional strength
 
扭轉疲勞強度torsional fatigue strength
 
P
 
泡沫塑料foamplastics, expanded plastics
 
配位數coordination number
 
噴丸硬化shot-peening
 
疲勞強度fatigue strength
 
疲勞壽命fatigue life
 
片狀馬氏體lamellar martensite, plate type martensite
 
普通碳鋼ordinary steel, plain carbon steel
 
Q
 
氣體滲碳gas carburizing
 
切變shear
 
切削cut, cutting
 
切應力shearing stress
 
球化退火spheroidizing annealing
 
球墨鑄鐵nodular graphite cast iron, spheroidal graphitecast iron
 
球狀珠光體globular pearlite
 
屈服強度yielding strength, yield strength
 
屈強比yielding-to-tensile ratio
 
屈氏體troolstite (T)
 
去應力退火relief annealing
 
R
 
熱處理heat treatment
 
熱加工hot work, hot working
 
熱噴塗thermal spraying
 
熱固性thermosetting
 
熱塑性hot plasticity
 
熱硬性 thermohardening
 
柔順性flexibility
 
人工時效artificial ageing
 
刃具cutting tool
 
刃型位錯edge dislacation, blade dislocations
 
韌性toughness
 
溶質solute
 
溶劑solvent
 
蠕變creep
 
蠕墨鑄鐵quasiflake graphite cast iron
 
軟氮化soft nitriding
 
S
 
掃描電鏡scanning electronmicroscope (SEM)
 
上貝氏體upper bainite
 
滲氮nitriding
 
滲硫sulfurizing
 
滲碳carburizing, carburization
 
滲碳體cementite (Cm)
 
失效failure
 
石墨graphite (G)
 
時間-溫度轉變曲線time temperaturetransformation (TTT) curve
 
時效硬化age-hardening
 
實際晶粒度actual grain size
 
使用壽命service life
 
使用性能usability
 
樹枝狀晶dendrite
 
樹脂resin
 
雙金屬bimetal, duplex metal
 
水淬water quenching, water hardening, water quench
 
鬆弛relax , relaxation
 
塑料plastics
 
塑性plasticity, ductility
 
塑性變形plastic deformation
 
索氏體sorbite (S)
 
T
 
彈簧鋼spring steel
 
彈性elasticity, spring
 
彈性變形elastic deformation
 
彈性極限elastic limit
 
彈性模量elastic modulus
 
碳素鋼carbon steel
 
碳含量carbon content
 
碳化物carbide
 
碳素工具鋼carbon tool steel
 
陶瓷ceramic
 
陶瓷材料ceramic material
 
體心立方晶格body-centered cubic lattice (B.C. C.)
 
體型聚合物three-dimensional polymer
 
調質處理quenching and tempering
 
調質鋼quenched and tempered steel
 
鐵碳平衡圖iron-carbon equilibrium diagram
 
透明(結晶)陶瓷crystalline ceramics
 
同素異構轉變allotropic transformation
 
塗層coat, coating
 
退火anneal, annealing
 
托氏體troostite (T)
 
W
 
彎曲bend, bending
 
完全退火full annealing
 
微觀組織microstructure
 
維氏硬度Vickers hardness
 
未經變質處理的uninoculated
 
溫度temperature
 
無定形的amorphous
 
物理氣相沉積physical vapour deposition (PVD)
 
X
 
下貝氏體lower bainite
 
線型聚合物linear polymer
 
纖維fibre, fiber
 
纖維增強複合材料filament reinforced composite
 
顯微照片metallograph,microphotograph, micrograph
 
顯微組織microscopic structure, microstructure
 
橡膠rubber
 
相phase
 
相變phase transition
 
相圖phase diagram
 
消除應力退火stress relief annealing
 
形狀記憶合金Shape memory alloys
 
形變deformation
 
性能performance, property
 
X射線結構分析X-ray structural analysis
 
Y
 
壓力加工press work
 
亞共晶鑄鐵hypoeutectic cast iron
 
亞共析鋼hypoeutectoid steel
 
氧化物陶瓷oxide ceramics
 
延伸率elongation percentage
 
鹽溶淬火salt both quenching
 
液相liquid phase
 
應變strain
 
應力stress
 
應力場強度因子stress intensity factror
 
應力鬆弛relaxation of stress
 
硬質合金carbide alloy, hard alloy
 
油淬oil quenching, oil hardening
 
有機玻璃methyl-methacrylate, plexiglass
 
有色金屬nonferrous metal
 
勻晶uniform grain
 
孕育處理inoculation, modification
 
Z
 
再結晶退火recrystallization annealing
 
載荷load
 
增強塑料reinforced plastics
 
針狀馬氏體acicular martensite
 
正火normalize, normalization
 
致密度tightness
 
支化型聚合物branched polymer
 
智能材料intelligent materials
 
中合金鋼medium alloy steel
 
軸承鋼bearing steel
 
軸承合金bearing alloy
 
珠光體pearlite (P)
 
柱狀晶體columnar crystal
 
鑄造cast , foundry
 
自然時效natural ageing
 
自由能free energy
 
組元component, constituent
 
組織structure
 
α鈦合金 αtitanium alloy

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